Oleksii Pankratiev was a Ukrainian cameraman, one of the most celebrated masters of camerawork in VUFKU times.
He was born in Kyiv in a family of a military doctor.
In 1927, he graduated from the camerawork department of Odesa State Cinema Technical College. At the same time, in cooperation with the experienced Borys Zaveliev, he shot the film Taras Triasylo (1927).
Starting 1928, he worked at the newly constructed Kyiv Film Studio, where he shot films directed by Mykola Shpykovskyi, Self-Seeker (1929) and Bread (1930). He also filmed Mirabeau (1930) together with Yurii Tamarskyi and Joseph Rona, directed by Arnold Kordium.
During the reorganisation of Ukrainian cinema and its subordination to Moscow, from 1934 to 1941, he headed a research laboratory and a compositing department at Kyiv Film Studio.
Moreover, in the 1930s, Pankratiev lectured on camerawork at Kyiv Film Institute (1931-1932, 1935-1937).
As a cameraman, he worked on films Bohdan Khmelnytskyi (1941) by Ihor Savchenko, Alexander Parkhomenko (Олександр Пархоменко) (1942) by Leonid Lukov, Secret Agent by Borys Barnet (1947) and others.
After World War II, having returned from the evacuation, he combined the work of a chief cameraman and a specialist in compositing.
His post-war finale includes camerawork in Shelmenko the Valet (Шельменко-денщик) (1957) by Viktor Ivanov.
In 1960, he made the documentary about folk crafts Golden Hands (Золоті руки), which was co-directed with Oleksandr Nikolenko and Sergei Parajanov.