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For Woman About a Woman

Hygiene of a Woman

1930, First Film Studio VUFKU (Odesa), 37 min

Director:
 Yevheniia (Ivha) Hryhorovych
Cameraman:
 Zhan Kapustin
 
Artist:
 Hryhorii Dovzhenko
Cast:
 Klavdiia Dombrovska (a girl), Klein (a physician)
 

This is a directorial début of the future honoured artist of the USSR (1954), a native of Dubno Yevhenia (Inha/Ivha) Hryhorovych (1905-1978). Graduating from a Pedagogical School like many Ukrainian filmmakers, Hryhorovych enters the State Cinema Technical College, a higher education institution opened in Odesa in 1924. 

One year after college graduation, Hryhorovych gets to the filming location of the film The Exhibit from Panopticon (1929), becomes an assistant of the famous director Heorhii Stabovyi, who shot Two Days (1927), one of the most significant Ukrainian films that was the first to be screened in the USA. Hryhorovych also works with him on the next film Don’t Prevent Movement (1930). 

The collaboration with Stabovyi is, apparently, the reason why the young director is trusted to make an important educational project – a popular science film about the structure and characteristics of the female body with recommendations on the female’s behaviour in her everyday life, while also during pregnancy and the postpartum period. 

For Woman About a Woman was filmed by a Komsomol filming crew at Odesa Film Studio, at health care facilities and institutions, at a jute mill and a tobacco factory. 

The outstanding gynaecologist, author of several Ukrainian textbooks, monographs on operative obstetrics, Doctor of Medicine Oleksandr Krupskyi was a medical consultant of the film. A graduate of the University of Tartu, Krupskyi made a career in Ukraine, was a member of the Ukrainian Central Rada, a minister of health and care of the Ukrainian People’s Republic. During the film shooting, he headed the Chair of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of Odesa Medical Institute. From 1930 to 1936, he headed the Chair of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of Kyiv Medical Institute. Next year, Krupskyi was arrested on trumped-up charges in the trial of the Union for the Liberation of Ukraine. When freed, Krupskyi was forbidden to live in Ukraine. 

Krupskyi’s importance for Ukrainian gynaecology and obstetrics is difficult to overestimate. He researched, promoted and actively used pain relief in labour. Moreover, Krupskyi advocated the necessity of sanatorium-and-spa treatment for rural area inhabitants.